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Chronic Kidney Disease

Lifestyle modifications

SMOKING

  • Smoking cessation is recommended (1)


WEIGHT

  • Weight loss is recommended if obese (1)


NUTRITION

  • Severe protein restriction is not recommended until late stage (1)

  • Salt restriction (1)

References

Resources

Evidence Pyramid

EXPLANATION TO EVIDENCE PRESENTATION

Evidence based on guidelines and evidence based Clinical Decision Systems is written in BOLD

Evidence based on meta analysis or systematic reviews is written in BOLD and CURSIVE

Evidence based on randomized controlled trials is written in plain font

Evidence based on observational / cohort studies is written in CURSIVE

Figure: Evidence pyramid

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