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Glaucoma

Lifestyle modifications

NUTRITION

  • Frequency of coffee/caffeine intake may be associated with progression of glaucoma (1)

  • Some food supplements may reduce intraocular pressure up to 2.0 mmHg (1)

  • Higher dietary nitrate and green leafy vegetable intake was associated with lower risk of POAG (2)

  • Following a Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diet was associated with reduced risk (OR 0.8) of developing open angle glaucoma (3)


PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

  • Moderate aerob exercise may reduce intraocular pressure up to 3.0 mmHg (1)

  • Potential negative effects are associated with yoga and weight lifting exercises (1)


SLEEP

  • Sleeping with the head elevated, and at the same time avoiding the worst eye-dependent side during sleep has shown to reduce intraocular pressure and reduce visual field loss (1)

References

Resources

Evidence Pyramid

EXPLANATION TO EVIDENCE PRESENTATION

Evidence based on guidelines and evidence based Clinical Decision Systems is written in BOLD

Evidence based on meta analysis or systematic reviews is written in BOLD and CURSIVE

Evidence based on randomized controlled trials is written in plain font

Evidence based on observational / cohort studies is written in CURSIVE

Figure: Evidence pyramid

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